The Law on Electric Bikes (ebikes)

The law of electric bikes (ebikes) is set by the Electrically Assisted Pedal Cycles Regulations of 1983 as amended by a 2004 European Directive, it states:

That in the UK, if you’re 14 or over you don’t need a driving licence to ride an electric bike (ebike) that fulfils the below EAPC requirements. This also means they don’t need to be registered, have road tax or be insured; however we would recommend some form of insurance incase you damage or have your electric bike (ebike) stolen.

Electric bikes meeting the requirements are called ‘electrically assisted pedal cycles’ (EAPCs). They can be 2-wheeled bicycles, tandems or tricycles.

EAPC requirements

The requirements for electric bikes (ebikes) are:

  • the bike must have pedals that can be used to propel it
  • the electric motor should cut out when the bike is travelling over 15.6Mph/25kph
  • the bike (including its battery but not the rider) must not be heavier than 40 kilograms (kg) if it’s a bicycle, or 60kg if it’s a tandem or tricycle
  • the motor shouldn’t have a maximum power output of more than 200 watts if it’s a bicycle and 250 watts if it’s a tandem or tricycle
  • the bike must have a plate showing the manufacturer, the nominal voltage of the battery, and the motor’s power output

Where you can ride an electric bike that fits the above requirements?

If a bike meets the EAPC requirements it’s classed as a normal pedal bike. This means you can ride it on cycle paths and anywhere else pedal bikes are allowed.

Can you get electric bikes that dont meet the requirements?

Yes you can. There are some rogue companies that sell or make bikes that do not meet the requirement. If you are caught using a bike like this you could face a criminal record. We recommend only buying electric bikes from companies with a store where you can see what your buying and check that it's ok to use.

However, there are a new range of electric bikes that don't meet the requirements but have been checked by the DVLA and require you to register the bike, show a number plate and tax disc, those bikes fall under a different law. You will also need a driving licence to ride one. Any electric bike that fits these regulations will be clearly marked on the site and we will ensure that you are aware of the requirements before any sale is made.

Just to confirm any electric bike that doesn’t meet the EAPC rules needs to be registered and taxed. You’ll need a driving licence to ride one and you must wear a crash helmet.

The vehicle will also need to be ‘type approved’ to make sure it’s safe to use on the road. For more details please contact us.

We also recommend coming into our store in Stoke on Trent and trying the bikes before you buy to ensure you get the right bike for you. We are located about 10 minutes from junction 15 of the M6 are are within easy reach of Manchester, Birmingham, Nottingham, Derby and North Wales.